The Industrial Technology Centre provides testing services to industry recognized standards and specifications, including the standards listed below. Click the organization link to go directly to the collection of interest.
American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC), Section VIII, Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels Division 1
This Division of Section VIII provides requirements applicable to the design, fabrication, inspection, testing, and certification of pressure vessels operating at either internal or external pressures exceeding 15 psig. Such pressure vessels may be fired or unfired. Specific requirements apply to several classes of material used in pressure vessel construction, and also to fabrication methods such as welding, forging and brazing.
ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC), Section IX – Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications
This Section contains rules relating to the qualification of welding, brazing, and fusing procedures as required by other BPVC Sections for component manufacture. It also covers rules relating to the qualification and requalification of welders, brazers, and welding, brazing and fusing machine operators in order that they may perform welding, brazing, or plastic fusing as required by other BPVC Sections in the manufacture of components.
ASME B30.1 – Jacks, Industrial Rollers, Air Casters, and Hydraulic Gantries
Volume B30.1 includes provisions that apply to the construction, operation, inspection, testing, and maintenance of mechanical ratchet jacks, hand- or power-operated mechanical screw jacks, hand- or power-operated hydraulic jacks, air lifting bags, industrial rollers, air casters, telescopic hydraulic gantry systems, and strand jacks
Further information on these and other ASME standards can be found on the ASME web site.
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
ASTM A370 – Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
These test methods cover procedures and definitions for the mechanical testing of steels, stainless steels, and related alloys. The various mechanical tests herein described are used to determine properties required in the product specifications. Variations in testing methods are to be avoided, and standard methods of testing are to be followed to obtain reproducible and comparable results. In those cases in which the testing requirements for certain products are unique or at variance with these general procedures, the product specification testing requirements shall control.
ASTM A413 – Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Chain
This specification covers carbon steel chain for such applications as railroad cars, construction, industrial uses, load binding, and general purposes other than overhead lifting.
ASTM A466 – Standard Specification for Weldless Chain
This specification covers weldless chain suitable for applications where a light and flexible chain is required. The material may be steel, brass, or bronze.
ASTM A467 – Standard Specification for Machine and Coil Chain
This specification covers welded carbon steel machine chain and coil chain. Although these chains are not intended for pocket wheel use, they can be used for pocket and sprocket wheel use. This chain shall never be used for overhead lifting applications.
ASTM A938 – Standard Test Method for Torsion Testing of Wire
This test method describes the torsion (or twist) testing of metallic wire.
ASTM B117 – Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
This practice covers the apparatus, procedure, and conditions required to create and maintain the salt spray (fog) test environment. Suitable apparatus which may be used is described in Appendix X1.
ASTM B498 – Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Core Wire for Use in Overhead Electrical Conductors
This specification covers round, zinc-coated, steel core wire with two classes of zinc coating for use in overhead electrical conductors. This specification covers wire of diameter from 0.0500 to 0.1900 in. or 1.27 to 4.82 mm, inclusive.
ASTM B557 – Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products
These test methods cover the tension testing of wrought and cast aluminum- and magnesium-alloy products, excepting aluminum foil , and are derived from Test Methods E8, which cover the tension testing of all metallic materials.
ASTM C297 – Standard Test Method for Flatwise Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions
This test method determines the flatwise tensile strength of the core, the core-to-facing bond, or the facing of an assembled sandwich panel. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb).
ASTM C393 – Standard Test Method for Core Shear Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Beam Flexure
This test method covers determination of the core shear properties of flat sandwich constructions subjected to flexure in such a manner that the applied moments produce curvature of the sandwich facing planes. Permissible core material forms include those with continuous bonding surfaces (such as balsa wood and foams) as well as those with discontinuous bonding surfaces (such as honeycomb).
ASTM D412 – Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
These test methods cover procedures used to evaluate the tensile (tension) properties of vulcanized thermoset rubbers and thermoplastic elastomers.
ASTM D413 – Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Flexible Substrate
These test methods cover the determination of the adhesion strength between plies of fabric bonded with rubber or the adhesion of the rubber layer in articles made from rubber attached to other material. They are applicable only when the adhered surfaces are approximately plane or uniformly circular as in belting, hose, tire carcasses, or rubber-covered sheet metal.
ASTM D429 – Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Rigid Substrates
These test methods cover procedures for testing the static adhesional strength of rubber to rigid materials (in most cases metals).
Method A—Rubber Part Assembled Between Two Parallel Metal Plates.
Method B—90° Stripping Test—Rubber Part Assembled to One Metal Plate.
Method C—Measuring Adhesion of Rubber to Metal with a Conical Specimen.
Method D—Adhesion Test—Post-Vulcanization (PV) Bonding of Rubber to Metal.
Method E—90° Stripping Test—Rubber Tank Lining—Assembled to One Metal Plate.
Method F—Rubber Part Assembled Between Two Parallel Convex-Shaped Metal Plates
Method G—Measuring Bond Durability for Rubber-to-Metal Bonded Components with a Double Shear Cylindrical Specimen
Method H—Measuring Bond Durability for Rubber-to-Metal Bonded Components with a Quadruple Shear Specimen
ASTM D610 – Standard Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces
This practice covers the evaluation of the degree of rusting on painted steel surfaces. The visual examples which depict the percentage of rusting given in the written specifications form part of the standard. In the event of a dispute, the written definition prevails. These visual examples were developed in cooperation with SSPC: The Society for Protective Coatings to further standardization of methods. The photographs can be used to estimate the percentage of other coating defects on various substrates. This standard does not include evaluation of rust propagation around an initially prepared scribe, score, or holiday.
ASTM D638 – Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
This test method covers the determination of the tensile properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics in the form of standard dumbbell-shaped test specimens when tested under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, humidity, and testing machine speed.
ASTM D714 – Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints
This test method employs photographic reference standards to evaluate the degree of blistering that may develop when paint systems are subjected to conditions which will cause blistering. While primarily intended for use on metal and other nonporous surfaces, this test method may be used to evaluate blisters on porous surfaces, such as wood, if the size of blisters falls within the scope of these reference standards. When the reference standards are used as a specification of performance, the permissible degree of blistering of the paint system shall be agreed upon by the purchaser and the seller.
ASTM D790 – Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
These test methods cover the determination of flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics, including high-modulus composites and electrical insulating materials in the form of rectangular bars molded directly or cut from sheets, plates, or molded shapes. These test methods are generally applicable to both rigid and semirigid materials. However, flexural strength cannot be determined for those materials that do not break or that do not fail in the outer surface of the test specimen within the 5.0 % strain limit of these test methods. These test methods utilize a three-point loading system applied to a simply supported beam. A four-point loading system method can be found in Test Method D6272.
ASTM D903 – Standard Test Method for Peel or Stripping Strength of Adhesive Bonds
This test method covers the determination of the comparative peel or stripping characteristics of adhesive bonds when tested on standard-sized specimens and under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, and testing machine speed.
ASTM D1002 – Standard Test Method for Apparent Shear Strength of Single-Lap-Joint Adhesively Bonded Metal Specimens by Tension Loading (Metal-to-Metal)
This test method covers the determination of the apparent shear strengths of adhesives for bonding metals when tested on a standard single-lap-joint specimen and under specified conditions of preparation and test.
ASTM D1654 – Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments
This test method covers the treatment of previously painted or coated specimens for accelerated and atmospheric exposure tests and their subsequent evaluation in respect to corrosion, blistering associated with corrosion, loss of adhesion at a scribe mark, or other film failure.
ASTM D1876 – Standard Test Method for Peel Resistance of Adhesives (T-Peel Test)
This test method is primarily intended for determining the relative peel resistance of adhesive bonds between flexible adherends by means of a T-type specimen.
ASTM D2240 – Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
This test method covers twelve types of rubber hardness measurement devices known as durometers: Types A, B, C, D, DO, E, M, O, OO, OOO, OOO-S, and R. The procedure for determining indentation hardness of substances classified as thermoplastic elastomers, vulcanized (thermoset) rubber, elastomeric materials, cellular materials, gel-like materials, and some plastics is also described.
ASTM D2344 – Standard Test Method for Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates
This test method determines the short-beam strength of high-modulus fiber-reinforced composite materials. The specimen is a short beam machined from a curved or a flat laminate up to 6.00 mm [0.25 in.] thick. The beam is loaded in three-point bending.
ASTM D2565 – Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
This practice covers specific procedures and test conditions that are applicable for xenon-arc exposure of plastics conducted in accordance with Practices G 151 and G 155. This practice also covers the preparation of test specimens, the test conditions best suited for plastics, and the evaluation of test results.
ASTM D2583 – Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol Impressor
This test method covers the determination of indentation hardness of both reinforced and nonreinforced rigid plastics using a Barcol Impressor, Model No. 934-1 and Model No. 935.
ASTM D3039 – Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
This test method determines the in-plane tensile properties of polymer matrix composite materials reinforced by high-modulus fibers. The composite material forms are limited to continuous fiber or discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites in which the laminate is balanced and symmetric with respect to the test direction.
ASTM D3163 – Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Adhesively Bonded Rigid Plastic Lap-Shear Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
This test method is intended to complement Test Method D 1002 and extend its application to single-lap shear adhesive joints of rigid plastic adherends. The test method is useful for generating comparative shear strength data for joints made from a number of plastics. It can also provide a means by which several plastic surface treatments can be compared.
ASTM D3164(M) – Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesively Bonded Plastic Lap-Shear Sandwich Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
This test method is intended to complement Test Method D 1002 and D 3163 and extend its application to single-lap-shear adhesive joints employing plastic adherends. The test method is useful for generating comparative shear strength data for joints made from a number of plastics. It can also provide a means by which several plastics surface treatments can be compared.
ASTM D3359 – Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test
These test methods cover procedures for assessing the adhesion of coating films to metallic substrates by applying and removing pressure-sensitive tape over cuts made in the film.
ASTM D3363 – Standard Test Method for Film Hardness by Pencil Test
This test method covers a procedure for rapid, inexpensive determination of the film hardness of an organic coating on a substrate in terms of drawing leads or pencil leads of known hardness.
ASTM D4355 – Standard Test Method for Deterioration of Geotextiles by Exposure to Light, Moisture and Heat in a Xenon Arc Type Apparatus
This test method covers the determination of the deterioration in tensile strength of geotextiles by exposure to xenon arc radiation, moisture, and heat.
ASTM D4459 – Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Indoor Applications
This practice covers specific procedures and test conditions that are applicable for exposure of plastics in window glass-filtered xenon-arc devices in accordance with Practices G151 and G155 for evaluating the stability of plastics intended for use in indoor applications.
ASTM D4812 – Standard Test Method for Unnotched Cantilever Beam Impact Resistance of Plastics
This test method covers the determination of the resistance of plastics to breakage by flexural shock, as indicated by the energy extracted from standardized pendulum-type hammers, mounted in standardized machines, in breaking standard specimens with one pendulum swing. The result of this test method is reported as energy absorbed per unit of specimen width.
ASTM D5868 – Standard Test Method for Lap Shear Adhesion for Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Bonding
This test method describes a lap shear test for use in measuring the bonding characteristics of adhesives for joining fiber reinforced plastics to themselves and to metals. The method is applicable to random and fiber oriented FRP.
ASTM D6272 – Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials by Four-Point Bending
This test method covers the determination of flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics, including high-modulus composites and electrical insulating materials in the form of rectangular bars molded directly or cut from sheets, plates, or molded shapes. These test methods are generally applicable to rigid and semirigid materials. However, flexural strength cannot be determined for those materials that do not break or that do not fail in the outer fibers. This test method utilizes a four point loading system applied to a simply supported beam.
ASTM D6641 – Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Using a Combined Loading Compression (CLC) Test Fixture
This test method determines the compressive strength and stiffness properties of polymer matrix composite materials using a combined loading compression (CLC) (1) test fixture. This test method is applicable to general composites that are balanced and symmetric. The specimen may be untabbed (Procedure A) or tabbed (Procedure B), as required. One requirement for a successful test is that the specimen ends do not crush during the test. Untabbed specimens are usually suitable for use with materials of low orthotropy, for example, fabrics, chopped fiber composites, and laminates with a maximum of 50 % 0° plies, or equivalent (see 6.4). Materials of higher orthotropy, including unidirectional composites, typically require tabs.
ASTM D6695 – Standard Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposures of Paint and Related Coatings
This practice covers the selection of test conditions for accelerated exposure testing of coatings and related products in xenon arc devices conducted according to Practices G151 and G155 . This practice also covers the preparation of test specimens, the test conditions suited for coatings, and the evaluation of test results.
ASTM D7078 – Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Composite Materials by V-Notched Rail Shear Method
This test method covers the determination of the shear properties of high-modulus fiber-reinforced composite materials by clamping the ends of a V-notched specimen between two pairs of loading rails. When loaded in tension, the rails introduce shear forces into the specimen through the specimen faces. In comparison, the specimen of Test Method D 5379/D 5379M is loaded through its top and bottom edges. Face loading allows higher shear forces to be applied to the specimen, if required. Additionally, the present test method utilizes a specimen with a larger gage section than the V-notched specimen of Test Method D 5379/D 5379M. In both test methods, the use of a V-notched specimen increases the gage section shear stresses in relation to the shear stresses in the vicinity of the grips, thus localizing the failure within the gage section while causing the shear stress distribution to be more uniform than in a specimen without notches. In comparison, Test Method D 4255/D 4255M utilizes an unnotched specimen clamped between two pairs of loading rails that are loaded in tension. Also in contrast to Test Method D 4255/D 4255M, the present test method provides specimen gripping without the need for holes in the specimen.
ASTM D7091 – Standard Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals
This practice describes the nondestructive measurement of the dry film thickness of nonmagnetic coatings applied to the surface of ferrous metals using magnetic gages and the nondestructive measurement of the dry film thickness of electrically nonconductive, nonmagnetic coatings applied to the surface of nonferrous metals using eddy current gages. This practice is intended to supplement the manufacturers’ instructions for the manual operation of the gages and is not intended to replace them. It includes definitions of key terms, reference documents, the significance and use of the practice, the advantages and limitations of coating thickness gages, and a description of test specimens. It describes the methods and recommended frequency for verifying the accuracy of gages and for adjusting (optimizing) the equipment, describes a frequency for measuring the thickness of the coating(s) and lists the reporting recommendations.
ASTM E8 – Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
These test methods cover the tension testing of metallic materials in any form at room temperature, specifically, the methods of determination of yield strength, yield point elongation, tensile strength, elongation, and reduction of area.
ASTM E10 – Standard Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
This test method covers the determination of the Brinell hardness of metallic materials by the Brinell indentation hardness principle. This standard provides the requirements for a Brinell testing machine and the procedures for performing Brinell hardness tests.
ASTM E18 – Standard Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
These test methods cover the determination of the Rockwell hardness and the Rockwell superficial hardness of metallic materials by the Rockwell indentation hardness principle. This standard provides the requirements for Rockwell hardness machines and the procedures for performing Rockwell hardness tests.
ASTM E23 – Standard Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials
These test methods describe notched-bar impact testing of metallic materials by the Charpy (simple-beam) test and the Izod (cantilever-beam) test. They give the requirements for: test specimens, test procedures, test reports, test machines (see Annex A1) verifying Charpy impact machines (see Annex A2), optional test specimen configurations (see Annex A3), precracking Charpy V-notch specimens (see Annex A4), designation of test specimen orientation (see Annex A5), and determining the percent of shear fracture on the surface of broken impact specimens (see Annex A6). In addition, information is provided on the significance of notched-bar impact testing (see Appendix X2), methods of measuring the center of strike (see Appendix X2).
ASTM E92 – Standard Test Methods for Vickers Hardness and Knoop Hardness of Metallic Materials
These test methods cover the determination of the Vickers hardness and Knoop hardness of metallic materials by the Vickers and Knoop indentation hardness principles.
ASTM E110 – Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Metallic Materials by Portable Hardness Testers
This test method covers determination of the indentation hardness of metallic materials by means of portable hardness testers.
ASTM E384 – Standard Test Method for Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Materials
This test method covers determination of the Knoop and Vickers hardness of materials, the verification of Knoop and Vickers hardness testing machines, and the calibration of standardized Knoop and Vickers test blocks.
ASTM F606 – Standard Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets
These test methods cover establishment of procedures for conducting tests to determine the mechanical properties of externally and internally threaded fasteners, washers, direct tension indicators, and rivets.
ASTM G151 – Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices That Use Laboratory Light Sources
This practice provides general procedures to be used when exposing nonmetallic materials in accelerated test devices that use laboratory light sources.
ASTM G155 – Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials
This practice covers the basic principles and operating procedures for using xenon arc light and water apparatus intended to reproduce the weathering effects that occur when materials are exposed to sunlight (either direct or through window glass) and moisture as rain or dew in actual use.
Further information on these and other ASTM standards can be found on the ASTM web site.
American American Welding Society (AWS)
AWS D1.1 – Structural Welding Code–Steel
D1.1 spells out the requirements for design, procedures, qualifications, fabrication, inspection and repair of steel structures made of tubes, plate and structural shapes that are subject to either static or cyclic loading.
AWS D1.2 – Structural Welding Code–Aluminum
This code covers the welding requirements for any type structure made from aluminum structural alloys, except for aluminum pressure vessels and pressure piping.
AWS/AASHTO D1.5 – Bridge Welding Code
This code covers the welding requirements for AASHTO welded highway bridges made from carbon and low-alloy constructional steels.
AWS D1.6 – Structural Welding Code–Stainless Steel
Covers requirements for welding stainless steel structural assemblies/components (excluding pressure vessels or pressure piping) using gas metal arc welding, shielded metal arc welding, flux cored arc welding, submerged arc welding, and stud welding.
AWS D14.3 – Specification for Welding Earthmoving, Construction and Agricultural Equipment
This specification provides standards for producing structural welds used in the manufacture of earthmoving, construction, and agricultural equipment.
Further information on these and other AWS standards can be found on the AWS web site.
Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
CSA G12 – Zinc-coated steel wire strand
This Standard describes zinc-coated steel wire strand suitable for use as guys, suspension strand, span wires, and overhead ground wire strand. Overhead ground wire strand for electric power transmission is produced free of wire joints. Included are requirements for Grades 800, 1100, 1300, and 1500 (110, 160, 180, and 220). Zinc coatings for all grades include hot-dip Class A and electro-galvanized Class A, B, or C. Construction features include strands containing 7, 19, or more than 19 wires.
CSA G30.18 – Billet‐Steel Bars for Concete Reinforcement
This Standard specifies requirements for two types of hot-rolled deformed carbon steel bars, designated regular (R) and weldable (W). The designation R is used for specifying, ordering, and communication only and is not rolled onto the bar. The designation W is rolled onto the bar (see Clauses 5 and 15). The two types are distinguished by their chemical composition requirements (see Clause 7). The bars can be in cut lengths or coils. Plain bars (Type R only) are also included in this Standard.
CSA G40.20/G40.21 – General Requirements for Rolled or Welded Structural Quality Steel/ Structural Quality Steel
This Standard outlines the requirements that apply, unless otherwise specified in a purchase order or individual standard, to structural quality steel plates, shapes, sheet, sheet piling, cold-formed channels, hollow sections, Z sections, and bars conforming to the requirements of CSA G40.21. Tables 11(a) to (h) of CSA G40.21 provide information on the dimensions and mass (weight) per unit length of structural shapes and sections commonly used in the construction of steel buildings and bridges.
CSA W47.1 – Certification of companies for fusion welding of steel
This Standard provides the requirements for the certification of companies engaged in the fusion welding of steel and the qualification of their personnel and welding procedures. Notes: (1) Certification may be mandatory or voluntary. (2) This Standard is not intended for applications governed by codes such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and codes of the American Petroleum Institute (API).
CSA W47.2 – Certification of companies for fusion welding of aluminum
This Standard provides the requirements for the certification of companies engaged in the fusion welding of aluminum and for the qualification of their personnel and welding procedures.
Note: This Standard is not intended for applications governed by codes such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and codes of the American Petroleum Institute (API).
CSA W186 – Welding of Reinforcing Bars in Reinforced Concrete Construction
This Standard applies to: (a) the design, fabrication, and inspection of welded connections utilizing deformed reinforcing bars and to the certification of companies involved in such work; (b) welding of deformed reinforcing bars (except for pre- stressing steel or for bar or rod mats for which the welding is covered by the manufacturing specification) either directly to each other or through splice members; and, (c) welding of deformed reinforcing bars to structural steel members used as anchorages in precast or cast-in-place concrete construction either in the fabricating shop or in the field.
Further information on these and other CSA standards can be found on the CSA web site.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS)
FMVSS 217 – Bus Emergency Exits and Window Retention and Release
This standard establishes requirements for the retention of windows other than windshields in buses, and establishes operating forces, opening dimensions, and markings for bus emergency exits. The purpose of this standard is to minimize the likelihood of occupants being thrown from the bus and to provide a means of readily accessible emergency egress.
FMVSS 302 – Flammability of Interior Materials
This standard specifies burn resistance requirements for materials used in the occupant compartments of motor vehicles. Its purpose is to reduce deaths and injuries to motor vehicle occupants caused by vehicle fires, especially those originating in the interior of the vehicle from sources such as matches or cigarettes.
*Further information on these and other FMVSS standards can be found In the United States Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49 – Transportation.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
ISO 4892-1 (EN) (DIN) – Plastics – Methods of Exposure to Laboratory Light Sources – Part 1: General guidance
This standard provides general guidance relevant to the selection and operation of the methods of exposure described in detail in subsequent parts. It also describes and recommends procedures for determining irradiance and radiant exposure.
ISO 4892-2 (EN) (DIN) – Plastics – Methods of Exposure to Laboratory Light Sources – Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps
This standard specifies methods for exposing specimens to xenon-arc light in the presence of moisture to reproduce the weathering effects (temperature, humidity and/or wetting) that occur when materials are exposed in actual end-use environments to daylight or to daylight filtered through window glass.
ISO 11341 (EN) (DIN) – Paints and Varnishes – Artificial weathering and exposure to artificial radiation- Exposure to filtered xenon-arc radiation
This standard specifies a procedure for exposing paint coatings to artificial weathering in xenon-arc lamp apparatus, including the action of liquid water and water vapour. The effects of this weathering are evaluated separately by comparative determination of selected parameters before, during and after weathering.
Further information on these and other ISO standards can be found on the ISO web site.
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
SAE J369 – Flammability of Polymeric Interior Materials–Horizontal Test Method
This SAE Standard pertains to automotive vehicles and off-road, self-propelled work machines used in construction, general purpose industrial, agriculture, forestry, and specialized mining machinery. This standard does not address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Purpose This test method is intended for burning rate measurement of polymeric materials used in the operator and passenger compartments as specified by the applicable standard. SAE J369 is technically equivalent to ISO 3795, ASTM D 5132 and FMVSS 302.
SAE J429 – Externally Threaded Fasteners
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and material requirements for inch-series steel bolts, screws, studs, sems, and U-bolts used in automotive and related industries in sizes to 1-1/2 in inclusive. The term “stud” as referred to herein applies to a cylindrical rod of moderate length threaded on either one or both ends or throughout its entire length. It does not apply to headed, collared, or similar products which are more closely characterized by requirements shown herein for bolts. The mechanical properties included in Table 1 were compiled at an ambient temperature of approximately 20 °C (68 °F). These properties are valid within a temperature range which depends upon the material grade used and thermal and mechanical processing. Other properties such as fatigue behavior, corrosion resistance, impact properties, etc., are beyond the scope of this document and responsibility for ensuring the acceptability of the product for applications where conditions warrant consideration of these other properties must be borne by the end user.
SAE J684 – Trailer Couplings, Hitches, and Safety Chains–Automotive Type
This SAE Standard includes couplings, hitches, and safety chains used in conjunction with all types of trailers or towed vehicles whose Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) does not exceed 4540 kg (10 000 lb). This includes such types as utility, boat, camping, travel, and special purpose trailers which are normally towed by conventional passenger cars, light-duty commercial vehicles, light trucks, and multipurpose passenger vehicles. This document is intended primarily for ball-and-socket type of couplings and hitches. It should not be construed as a limitation to this type alone but should apply where appropriate to ring-and-pintle, clevis-and-pin, or any other draft means designed to serve this purpose.
SAE J706 – Rating of Winches
This SAE Standard applies only to new winches which are primarily designed for intermittent pulls and lifts and whose configuration and condition are the same as when they were shipped by the manufacturer. They are not intended to be used in any manner for the movement of personnel. They may be driven by any power source recommended by the manufacturer and will be capable of being powered in either direction. They will be equipped with an automatic safety brake system to control a load when lowering under power and positively hold a load when power is not being delivered to the winch. A hydraulic flow control valve or similar device may be used in the brake system to control a load when lowering under power. A clutch to release the drum for free-spooling may be provided and will be designed not to disengage itself under load. A drag brake may be provided to control free-spooling, but will not be relied on to control or hold a load. Power sources, such as hydraulic motors, even though they may be supplied or recommended by the winch manufacturer, are not considered a part of the winch so far as this document is concerned, except to whatever extent they are a part of the brake system.
SAE J995 – Steel Nuts
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and material requirements for three grades of steel nuts suitable for use in automotive and related engineering applications, in sizes 1/4 to 1-1/2 in, inclusive, and with dimensions conforming with the requirements of the latest issue of ASME B18.2.2 or ASME B18.6.3, as applicable. This document does not include limits for surface discontinuities. Where usage requires such control, limits may be specified separately. For sizes 1/4 through 1 in, this may be done by the statement: “Surface discontinuities shall not exceed the limits specified in SAE J122.”
SAE J1199 – Metric Externally Threaded Steel Fasteners
This SAE Standard covers the mechanical and material requirements for eight property classes of steel, externally threaded metric fasteners in sizes M1.6 through M36, inclusive, and suitable for use in automotive and related applications. Products included are bolts, screws, studs, U-bolts, preassembled screw and washer assemblies (sems), and products manufactured the same as sems except without washer. Products not covered are tapping screws, thread-rolling screws, and self-drilling screws. Mechanical and material requirements for these products are covered in other SAE documents. The term stud as referred to herein, applies to a cylindrical rod of moderate length, threaded on either one or both ends or throughout its entire length. It does not apply to headed, collared, or similar products which are more closely characterized by requirements shown herein for bolts. For specification purposes, this document treats U-bolts as studs. Thus, wherever the word studs appears, U-bolts is also implied. U-bolts covered by this document are those used primarily in the suspension and related areas of vehicles. (Designers should recognize that the U configuration may not sustain a load equivalent to two bolts or studs of the same size and grade; thus actual load-carrying capacity of U-bolts should be determined by saddle load tests.)
SAE J1216 – Metric Threaded Fasteners
This standard establishes procedures for conducting tests to determine the mechanical properties of externally and internally threaded fasteners. Property requirements and the applicable tests for their determination are specified in individual product standards. In those instances where the testing requirements are unique or at variance with these standard procedures, the product standard shall specify the controlling testing requirements. This standard describes mechanical tests for determining the following properties: For externally threaded fasteners: Product hardness (Section 4.1) Surface hardness (Section 4.2) Proof load (Section 4.3) Yield strength (Section 4.4) Axial tensile strength (Section 4.5) Wedge tensile strength (Section 4.6) Elongation (Section 4.7) Reduction of area (Section 4.7) For internally threaded fasteners: Product hardness (Section 5.1) Proof load (Section 5.2)
SAE J1383 – Performance Requirements for Replaceable Bulb Motor Vehicle Headlamps
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances. This document establishes performance requirements for headlamps.
SAE J1735 – Harmonized Vehicle Headlamp Performance Requirements
This SAE Recommended Practice provides headlamp beam pattern test points for harmonized low and high beam headlamp beam patterns that incorporate elements of European, Asian, and U.S. photometric tables. These photometric tables are optional for those found in SAE J1383.
SAE J2412 – Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Interior Trim Components Using a Controlled Irradiance Xenon-Arc Apparatus
This test method specifies the operating procedures for a controlled irradiance, xenon arc apparatus used for the accelerated exposure of various automotive interior trim components.
SAE J2527 – Performance Based Standard for Accelerated Exposure of Automotive Exterior Materials Using A Controlled Irradiance Xenon-Arc Apparatus
This SAE Standard specifies the operating procedures for a controlled irradiance, xenon-arc apparatus used for the accelerated exposure of various exterior automotive materials.
Further information on these and other SAE standards can be found on the SAE web site.